Eliminating the products which contain “red-light” ingredients can help raise the safety level. Here’s a list of the most common harmful ingredients, divided by category:
We are talking about well-known substances, derived from refining oil. They are occlusive (they prevent your skin from “breathing”) and not skin-compatible. On labels, they are listed with the words:
Paraffinum liquidum, Petrolatum, Mineral Oil, Vaselina, Ceresin, Ozokerite.
These substances are also not skin-compatible and create a film on skin and hair which gives a “false” moisturizing effect. On labels, they are listed with the words:
Dimethicone, Dimeticonol, Polydimethicone, Cyclopentasiloxane, Cyclohexasiloxane, Quaternium-80, Amodimethicone, Cyclomethicone, Trimethylsiloxysilicate.
There are allergenic preservatives as Methylchloroisothiazolinone and Methylisothiazolinone. We can also find them in the form of:
- PARABENS: this family of preservatives is well-known for its infamous reputation. We are talking about substances which create intolerancies and are potential endocrine disruptors, meaning that they are able to interfere with our hormonal systeme. On labels, they are listed with the words:
Isobutyl Paraben, Butyl Paraben, Methyl Paraben, Propylparaben, Benzyl Paraben, Ethyl Paraben.
- FORMALDEHYDE RELEASERS: these preservatives are responsable for the release of formaldehyde (substance considered carcinogenic). On labels, they are listed with the words:
Sodium Hydroxymethyl Glycinate, Bronopol, Diazolidynyl Urea, Benzylhemiformal, Imidiazolidynyl Urea, Quaternium-15, DMDM Hydantoin.
- ANTIMICROBIAL: synthetic antioxidant at high risk of skin sensitisation such as Butilidrossianisolo (BHA) and Butilidrossitoluolo (BHT), or antibacterial substances which are toxic, such as Triclosan, and might cause antibiotic-resistance.
Synthetic substances which facilitate the fluidity of the product. PEG and PPG might be contaminated with ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane, which are both carcinogenic. On labels, they are listed with the words:
Polyethyleneglycole (PEG), Dipolyhydroxystearate, PEG6, PEG20, PEG 75, PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Propylen Glycol, Butylen Glycol, Polypropylene Glycol, Ethylene Glycol.
We are talking about very aggressive substances of chemical origin, which can dehydrate the skin (unlike surfactants of natural and plant origin). On labels, they are listed with the words:
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS), Amonium Lauryl Sulfate, TEA-Lauryl Sulfate, Magnesium Laureth Sulfate, MEA Laureth Sulfate, Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES) e Amonium Laureth Sulfate.
Penetrating substances which might form nitrosamines (carcinogenic). On labels, they are listed with the words:
Cocamide DEA, Oleamide DEA, Lauramide DEA, Cocamide TEA, Oleamide TEA, Lauramide TEA, Cocamide MEA, Oleamide MEA, Lauramide MEA, Linoleamide DEA, Myristamide DEA, Stearamide DEA, DEA-Cethyl Phosphate, DEA-Oleth-3 Phosphate, TEA-Lauryl Sulfate Thiethanoamine.